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Patterns of opioid use and prescribing for outpatient anorectal operations

      Abstract

      Background

      Surgery for anorectal diseases is thought to cause significant pain postoperatively. There is little known regarding standardized opioid-prescribing trends and patient use following surgery for anorectal diseases. We aimed to evaluate and analyze opioid-prescribing trends and patient use for outpatient anorectal operations.

      Materials and methods

      All patients who underwent outpatient anorectal surgery performed over a 1-y period at a single institution were eligible. Procedures included hemorrhoidectomy, anal fistula repair/seton, anal fissure treatment with sphincterotomy, and transanal excision of rectal tumors. Demographic, operative, and postoperative data were obtained. Patients were given a survey to determine postoperative pain control with opioid and non-narcotic analgesia use; respondents were included in analysis.

      Results

      Forty-two outpatient anorectal surgery patients were included: 13 had hemorrhoidectomy, 22 had anal fistula repair/seton, one had sphincterotomy, and six had transanal excisions. All patients had multimodality treatment with either an anal block and/or postoperative nonopioid analgesics. Ninety percent were prescribed opioids postoperatively with a median of 20 pills (range: 0-120 pills). Forty-three percent (18/42) did not fill their prescription. For those who used opioids, the median number of pills taken was four. Eighty percent of pills prescribed were not used. One patient required a refill. Greater than 60% of respondents reported good to excellent pain control on a five-point scale.

      Conclusions

      Most patients had adequate pain control after anorectal surgery with little to no use of opioids and that more than 80% of opioid pills prescribed were not consumed. We intend to standardize our prescribing opioid quantities for outpatient anorectal operations to reflect this reduced use.

      Keywords

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