Synergistic Effect of β-alanine and Aprotinin on Mesenteric Ischemia

  • Lisa Dominowski
    Institut für Physiologische Chemie, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
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  • Michael Kirsch
    Corresponding author. Institut für Physiologische Chemie, Universitätsklinikum, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Hufelandstr. 55, D-45122, Essen, Germany. Tel.: +(49) 201 723 4108; fax: +(49) 201 723 5943.
    Institut für Physiologische Chemie, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
    Search for articles by this author
Published:February 24, 2021DOI:



      Acute mesenteric ischemia arises through sudden interruption of mesenteric blood flow, mostly due to an occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery and is associated with a high mortality of approximately 50% to 90%. In previous studies, the single application of β-alanine or aprotinin caused an ameliorated intestinal damage but without any systemic effects.


      To analyze the combined effect of β-alanine and aprotinin on acute ischemia and reperfusion of the small intestine, a model with anesthetized rats was used. Ischemia and reperfusion were initiated by occluding and reopening the superior mesenteric artery. After 120 min of ischemia and 180 min of reperfusion, the intestine was analyzed for tissue damage, the activity of the saccharase, and accumulation of granulocytes. In addition, systemic and metabolic as well as inflammatory parameters were measured in blood at certain points in time.


      The combination of β-alanine and aprotinin resulted in a clearly stabilized mean arterial blood pressure and blood glucose level during the reperfusion period. Furthermore, the combined administration resulted in significantly reduced tissue damage parameters, cytokine and cell-free hemoglobin concentrations in blood plasma. In addition, the damage to the small intestine was significantly attenuated, so that the animals ultimately survived the entire test period because of the administration of both substances.


      Overall, the simultaneous application of both substances leads to a synergistic protection without the occurrence of undesirable side effects. The combined usage of β-alanine and aprotinin can be seen as a promising approach to inhibit the onset of acute mesenteric ischemia.


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