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Prehabilitation Ameliorates Gut Ischemia Reperfusion Injury in Mice

Published:October 15, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2022.08.033

      Abstract

      Introduction

      We previously demonstrated that prehabilitation by running on a treadmill leads to improved survival after gut ischemia reperfusion (I/R) in mice. The purpose of this research was to examine whether prehabilitation attenuates inflammatory responses after gut I/R in mice.

      Materials and methods

      Male C57BL/6J mice (n = 92) were assigned to the sedentary (n = 46) or the exercise (n = 46) group. The exercise group ran on a treadmill for 4 wk, while the sedentary mice did not exercise. After the 4-week pretreatment, all mice underwent gut I/R and the blood, urine, small intestine, lung, liver, and gastrocnemius were harvested prior to ischemia or at 0, 3, 6, or 24 h after reperfusion. Histologically demonstrated organ damage, cytokine levels in the blood, gut and gastrocnemius, myeloperoxidase activity in the gut, 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine levels in urine and the gut, and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and ATP + ADP + adenosine monophosphate levels in the gut and gastrocnemius were evaluated.

      Results

      The treadmill exercise reduced gut and lung injuries at 3 h and liver injury at 6 h after reperfusion. Running on the treadmill also decreased proinflammatory cytokine levels in the blood at 6 h, gut at 3 h and gastrocnemius at 6 h after reperfusion, myeloperoxidase activity in the gut prior to ischemia, and 6 h after reperfusion and the urinary 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine level at 24 h after reperfusion, while ATP levels in exercised mice prior to ischemia and 3 h after reperfusion were increased in the intestine as compared to the levels in sedentary mice.

      Conclusions

      Prehabilitation with treadmill exercise reduces inflammatory responses after gut I/R and may exert protective actions against gut I/R.

      Keywords

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