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Complexity of Transferred Geriatric Adults Requiring Emergency General Surgery: A Rural Tertiary Center Experience

Published:November 28, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2022.10.088

      Abstract

      Introduction

      As the American population ages, the number of geriatric adults requiring emergency general surgery (EGS) care is increasing. EGS regionalization could significantly affect the pattern of care for rural older adults. The aim of this study was to determine the current pattern of care for geriatric EGS patients at our rural academic center, with a focus on transfer status.

      Materials and methods

      We performed a retrospective chart review of patients aged ≥65 undergoing EGS procedures within 48 h of admission from 2014 to 2019 at our rural academic medical center. We collected demographic, admission, operative, and outcomes data. The primary outcomes of interest were mortality and nonhome discharge. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed.

      Results

      Over the 5-y study period, 674 patients underwent EGS procedures, with 407 (60%) transferred to our facility. Transfer patients (TPs) had higher American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) scores (P < 0.001), higher rates of open abdomen (13% versus 5.6%, P = 0.001), and multiple operations (24 versus 11%, P < 0.001) than direct admit patients. However, after adjustment there was no difference in mortality (OR 1.64; 95% CI, 0.82-3.38) or nonhome discharge (OR 1.49; 95% CI, 0.95-2.36).

      Conclusions

      At our institution, the majority of rural geriatric EGS patients were transferred from another hospital for care. These patients had higher medical and operative complexity than patients presenting directly to our facility for care. After adjustment, transfer status was not independently associated with in-hospital mortality or nonhome discharge. These patients were appropriately transferred given their level of complexity.

      Keywords

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