Acute Care Surgery

        Unfractionated Heparin Protects Microcirculation in Endotoxemic Rats by Antagonizing Histones. Chengrui Zhu, Yingjian Liang, Yina Liu, Wenqi Shu, Zhenggang Luan, and Xiaochun Ma 84
        Minimally Invasive Surgery for Genitourinary Trauma: A Nationwide Outcomes-Based Analysis. William James Collins, Khaled El-Qawaqzeh, Michael Ditillo, Hamidreza Hosseinpour, Adam Nelson, Sai Krishna Bhogadi, Lourdes Castanon, Lynn Gries, Tanya Anand, and Bellal Joseph 129
        Cervical Spine Computed Tomography in Adolescent Blunt Trauma Patients: Are they Being Overutilized? Bharath Sharma, Anastasia Kolousek, Brad Lian, Deepika Koganti, Randi N. Smith, and Richard Sola Jr. 155
        Propranolol Reduces P-Tau Accumulation and Improves Behavior Outcomes in a Polytrauma Murine Model. Kathleen E. Singer, Emily D. McGlone, Sean M. Collins, Taylor E. Wallen, Mackenzie C. Morris, Rebecca M. Schuster, Lisa G. England, Matthew J. Robson, and Michael D. Goodman 183
        Subtotal Fenestrating Cholecystectomy: A Safe and Effective Approach to the Difficult Gallbladder. Alexandria Byskosh, Benjamin Stocker, Daniel Yi-Ze Liu, Jennifer Li, Benjamin Gastevich, Courtney L. Devin, Giang Quach, Hannah Weiss, and Joseph Posluszny 191
        A Comparative Study of the Resorption and Immune Response for Two Starch-Based Hemostat Powders. Héctor Capella-Monsonís, Arthi Shridhar, Bharadwaj Chirravuri, Matthew Figucia, Greg Learn, Keith Greenawalt, and Stephen F. Badylak 210
        Identification of Clinical Risk Factors Affecting Patient-Physician Communication. Shahenda Khedr, Debra D'Angelo, Adora Tricia Santos, Leona Kwong, Soobin Park, Konstantin Khariton, Chun-Cheng Chen, and Miroslav Kopp 246
        Thromboprophylaxis Timing After Blunt Solid Organ Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Roi Anteby, Benjamin G. Allar, Jordan M. Broekhuis, Priya B. Patel, Christina L. Marcaccio, Marianna V. Papageorge, Stefania Papatheodorou, and April E. Mendoza 270

        Cardiac Surgery

        Temporary Right Ventricular Assist Device Support for Acute Right Heart Failure: A Single-Center Experience. Timothy J. George, Jenelle Sheasby, Nitin Kabra, J. Michael DiMaio, David A. Rawitscher, and Aasim Afzal 15
        Association of Intravenous Drug Use and Length of Stay Following Infective Endocarditis. Ariana Y. Nodoushani, Yunda Wang, Yesh Datar, Joy Mohnot, Karl J. Karlson, Niloo M. Edwards, Kanhua Yin, and Nikola Dobrilovic 239

        Education and Career Development

        Utilizing Grasp Monitoring to Predict Microsurgical Expertise. Jani Koskinen, Wenjing He, Antti-Pekka Elomaa, Aku Kaipainen, Ahmed Hussein, Bin Zheng, Antti Huotarinen, and Roman Bednarik 101
        Initiation of the Virtual Interview: A 5-Y Evaluation of General Surgery Residency Match Results. Rebecca Moreci, Denise M. Danos, Jessica A. Zagory, Alison Smith, and Lance E. Stuke 225
        Evaluating the Implementation of a Medical Student’s Handoff Curriculum During the Surgery Clerkship. Afif N. Kulaylat, Brian D. Saunders, Steven R. Allen, Cary B. Aarons, and Rebecca L. Hoffman 262

        Endocrine Surgery

        Primary Hyperparathyroidism and Intraoperative Parathyroid Hormone Monitoring: Application of a Modified Interpretation in Patients With “Parathyroid Hormone Spikes”. Julian Heidtmann, Daniela Dunkler, Lindsay Hargitai, Christian Scheuba, Bruno Niederle, Philipp Riss, and Andreas Selberherr 9
        Down the Rabbit Hole: Evaluation of Internet Information Quality in Parathyroid and Thyroid Surgery. Claren Harper, Andrew Bonner, Ashley Alexander, Jarely Cooper, Jessica Fazendin, Herbert Chen, and Brenessa Lindeman 65
        Value of Old Imaging for Patients Undergoing Parathyroidectomy for Primary Hyperparathyroidism. Hope E. Werenski, Christopher J. Nguyen, Erik D. Johansson, Paul M. Bunch, and Reese W. Randle 147

        Gastrointestinal Surgery

        Application of Component Separation and Short-Term Outcomes in Ventral Hernia Repairs. Quintin P. Solano, Ryan Howard, Anne Ehlers, Lia D Delaney, Brian Fry, Michael Englesbe, Justin Dimick, and Dana Telem 1
        Prehabilitation Ameliorates Gut Ischemia Reperfusion Injury in Mice. Kazuya Takahashi, Kazuya Higashizono, Kazuhiko Fukatsu, Satoshi Murakoshi, Haruka Takayama, Midori Noguchi, Nana Matsumoto, and Yasuyuki Seto 71
        Implementation of a Patient-Tailored Opioid Prescribing Guideline in Ventral Hernia Surgery. Sydney H. Lindros, Jeremy A. Warren, Alfredo M. Carbonell II, William S. Cobb IV, and Sarah B. Floyd 109
        Anal Cancer Prevention Through the Topical Use of Single or Dual PI3K/mTOR Inhibitors. Laura C. Gunder, Tyra H. Moyer, Hillary R. Johnson, Andrew S. Auyeung, Glen E. Leverson, Wei Zhang, Kristina A. Matkowskyj, and Evie H. Carchman 137
        Mixed Histologic Type is a Risk Factor for Lymph Node Metastasis in Submucosal Invasive Early Gastric Cancer. Feng Sun, Song Zhang, Xingzhou Wang, Ming Yao, Chen Zhang, Zhijian Liu, Shichao Ai, Wenxian Guan, and Meng Wang 160
        Association of Prophylaxis and Length of Stay With Venous Thromboembolism in Abdominopelvic Surgery. Jonathan P. Kuriakose, Wenbo Wu, Wenjing Weng, Neil Kamdar, and Richard E. Burney 198

        Healthcare Delivery, Quality, and Safety

        Association of Insurance Type With Inpatient Surgery 30-Day Complications and Costs. Richard C. Simon, Jeongsoo Kim, Susanne Schmidt, Bradley B. Brimhall, Camerino I. Salazar, Chen-Pin Wang, Zhu Wang, Zaheer U. Sarwar, Laura S. Manuel, Paul Damien, and Paula K. Shireman 22
        Sex-Related Differences in Acuity and Postoperative Complications, Mortality and Failure to Rescue. Qi Yan, Jeongsoo Kim, Daniel E. Hall, Myrick C. Shinall Jr., Katherine Moll Reitz, Karyn B. Stitzenberg, Lillian S. Kao, Chen-Pin Wang, Zhu Wang, Susanne Schmidt, Bradley B. Brimhall, Laura S. Manuel, Michael A. Jacobs, and Paula K. Shireman 34
        Barriers to Colorectal Cancer Screening in Us Immigrants: A Scoping Review. Anshul V. Puli, Alisha Lussiez, Mark MacEachern, Laura Hayward, Shukri Dualeh, Caroline E. Richburg, Emily Capellari, and Gifty Kwakye 53

        Pediatric Surgery

        Pediatric Patient and Caregiver Agreement on Perioperative Expectations and Self-Reported Outcomes. Audra J. Reiter, Gwyneth A. Sullivan, Andrew Hu, Yao Tian, Martha-Conley E. Ingram, Salva N. Balbale, Julie K. Johnson, Willemijn Schäfer, Jane L. Holl, and Mehul V. Raval 47
        Expedited Surgical Care of Appendicitis is Associated With Improved Resource Utilization. Katherine C. Ott, Jonathan C. Vacek, Maxwell A. McMahon, Camille M. Moeckel, Yue-Yung Hu, Mehul V. Raval, and Seth D. Goldstein 93
        Inhibition of Glypican-3 Cleavage Results in Reduced Cell Proliferation in a Liver Cancer Cell Line. Emily J. Schepers, Charissa Lake, Kathryn Glaser, and Alexander J. Bondoc 118
        Risk Stratification by Percent Liver Herniation in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia. Oluyinka O. Olutoye II, Steven C. Mehl, Anoosha Moturu, Rowland W. Pettit, Ryan D. Coleman, Adam M. Vogel, Timothy C. Lee, Sundeep G. Keswani, and Alice King 168
        Postdischarge Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Pediatric Appendicitis: A Mediation Analysis. Stephanie E. Iantorno, Julius G. Ulugia, Zachary J. Kastenberg, David E. Skarda, and Brian T. Bucher 174
        Outcomes in Pediatric Trauma Patients Who Receive Blood Transfusion. Marina L. Reppucci, Kaci Pickett, Jenny Stevens, Margo M. Nolan, and Steven L. Moulton 232

        Research Methods

        The National Provider Identifier Taxonomy: Does it Align With a Surgeon’s Actual Clinical Practice? Bryant W. Oliphant, Naveen F. Sangji, Heather S. Dolman, John W. Scott, and Mark R. Hemmila 254
        Directed Acyclic Graphs in Surgical Research. AlleaBelle Gongola and Jace C. Bradshaw 285

        Vascular Surgery

        Study Protocol of a Prospective Multicenter Observational Study Evaluating Acute Lower Limb Ischemia. Alexandra Gratl and European Vascular Research Collaborative (EVRC) 280