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Closed Collaborative Surgical Intensive Care Unit Modeling and Its Association With Trauma Patient Outcomes

Published:November 24, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2022.11.015

      Highlights

      • Impact of surgical ICU modeling on trauma surgical patient outcomes.
      • Compared to an open model, a closed-collaborative SICU model provides.
        • o
          Equivalent care (mortality and complications) despite having sicker patients.
        • o
          Significant reduction in ICU LOS in the sickest cohort of patients (ISS ≥15).
        • o
          Nonstatistically significant reduction in ICU charges in the sickest cohort of patients (ISS ≥15).

      Abstract

      Introduction

      The optimization of intensive care unit (ICU) care impacts clinical outcomes and resource utilization. In 2017, our surgical ICU (SICU) adopted a “closed-collaborative” model. The aim of this study is to compare patient outcomes in the closed-collaborative model versus the previous open model in a cohort of trauma surgical patients admitted to our adult level 1 trauma center.

      Methods

      A retrospective review of trauma patients in the SICU from August 1, 2015 to July 31, 2019 was performed. Patients were divided into those admitted prior to August 1, 2017 (the “open” cohort) and those admitted after August 1, 2017 (the “closed-collaborative” cohort). Demographic variables and clinical outcomes were analyzed. Trauma severity was assessed using injury severity score (ISS).

      Results

      We identified 1669 patients (O: 895; C: 774). While no differences in demographics were observed, the closed-collaborative cohort had a higher overall ISS (O: 21.5 ± 12.14; C: 25.10 ± 2.72; P < 0.0001). There were no significant differences between the two cohorts in the incidence of strokes (O: 1.90%; C: 2.58%, P = 0.3435), pulmonary embolism (O: 0.78%; C: 0.65%; P = 0.7427), sepsis (O: 5.25%; C: 7.49%; P = 0.0599), median ICU charges (O: $7784.50; C: $8986.53; P = 0.5286), mortality (O: 11.40%; C: 13.18%; P = 0.2678), or ICU length of stay (LOS) (O: 4.85 ± 6.23; C: 4.37 ± 4.94; P = 0.0795).

      Conclusions

      Patients in the closed-collaborative cohort had similar clinical outcomes despite having a sicker cohort of patients. We hypothesize that the closed-collaborative ICU model was able to maintain equivalent outcomes due to the dedicated multidisciplinary critical care team caring for these patients. Further research is warranted to determine the optimal model of ICU care for trauma patients.

      Keywords

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