- •We studied blood pressure effects of Phentermine/Topiramate and Sleeve Gastrectomy.
- •Blood pressure improved with use of Phentermine/Topiramate with Sleeve Gastrectomy.
- •Antihypertensives were not needed with Sleeve Gastrectomy and Phentermine/Topiramate.
- •41% of patients with Sleeve Gastrectomy alone continued antihypertensive medication.
Management of patients with BMI≥50 kg/m2 is challenging. In previous work, pre and postoperative pharmacotherapy with phentermine/topiramate plus laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (PT + SG) promoted greater weight loss than sleeve gastrectomy (SG) alone at 24 mo postoperatively. This current secondary analysis studied the impact of PT + SG on blood pressure (BP), heart rate, and antihypertensive usage.
Patients with BMI≥50 kg/m2 planning to have SG (n = 13) were recruited from 2014 to 2016, at an academic medical center in Winston–Salem, North Carolina, for this open-label trial. Participants took phentermine/topiramate (PT; 7.5/46–15/92 mg/d) for ≥3 mo preoperatively and 24 mo postoperatively. The control group (n = 40) underwent SG during the same time frame. We used mixed models for BP and heart rate to compare PT + SG versus SG alone over time, adjusted for age, sex, and initial BP.
By 24 mo postoperatively the model adjusted changes in systolic blood pressure/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) (mm Hg) were −24.44 (−34.46,−14.43)/−28.60 (−40.74,−16.46) in the PT + SG group versus −11.81 (−17.58,−6.05)/−13.89 (−21.32,−6.46) in the control group (SBP P = 0.02; DBP P = 0.03). At baseline 8 (61.5%) participants in the PT + SG arm and 22 (55.0%) in the control group used antihypertensives. Excluding patients lost to follow-up (n = 3), by 24 mo postoperatively, none of the PT + SG participants were on antihypertensives compared to 14 (41.2%) in the control group (P = 0.01).
Patients with BMI≥50 kg/m2 treated with PT + SG had greater improvement in BP with no use of antihypertensive medication at 24 mo postoperatively versus SG alone, where 41% continued medication use. Larger trials are required to evaluate this.
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Published online: February 06, 2023
Accepted: December 24, 2022
Received in revised form: December 6, 2022
Received: May 9, 2022
Vivus, Inc, the manufacturer of phentermine and topiramate extended release, provided the medication for the previously published pilot trial through an investigator-initiated trial grant.
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