Publication information: Journal of Surgical Research (ISSN 0022-4804) is published monthly by Elsevier, 230 Park Avenue, Suite 800, New York, NY 10169. Periodicals postage paid at New York, NY and at additional mailing offices.
POSTMASTER: Send Address changes to Journal of Surgical Research, Elsevier Customer Services Department, 3251 Riverport Lane, Maryland Heights, MO 63043
Annual subscription rates
United States and possessions: individual, $1111. All other countries: individual, $1281.
Orders, claims, and journal inquiries
Please contact the Elsevier Customer Service Department nearest you:
St. Louis: Elsevier Customer Service Department, 1799 Highway 50 East, Linn, MO 65051; e-mail: [email protected]
Oxford: Elsevier Customer Service Department, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, UK; phone: (+44) (1865) 843434; fax: (+44) (1865) 843970; e-mail: [email protected]
Tokyo: Elsevier Customer Service Department, 4F Higashi-Azabu, 1-Chome Bldg, 1-9-15 Higashi-Azabu, Minato-ku, Tokyo 106-0044, Japan; phone: (+81) (3) 5561 5037; fax: (+81) (3) 5561 5047; e-mail: [email protected]
Singapore: Elsevier Customer Service Department, 3 Killiney Road, #08-01 Winsland House I, Singapore 239519; phone: (+65) 63490222; fax: (+65) 67331510; e-mail: [email protected]
Advertising orders and inquiries can be sent to: USA, Canada and South America: Lorrie Young, Elsevier Inc., 230 Park Avenue, Suite 800, New York, NY 10169, USA; phone: (+1) (212) 633-3855; e-mail: [email protected]
To order 100 or more reprints for educational, commercial, or promotional use, contact the Commercial Reprints Department, Elsevier Inc., 230 Park Avenue, Suite 800, New York, NY 10169; E-mail: [email protected]
Guide for Authors
For a full and complete Guide for Authors, please go to: http://www.elsevier.com/journals/journal-of-surgical-research/0022-4804/guide-for-authors.
For inquiries relating to the submission of articles (including electronic submission) please visit this journal's homepage at http://www.elsevier.com/wps/locate/issn/0022-4804. Contact details for questions arising after acceptance of an article, especially those relating to proofs, will be provided by the publisher. You can track accepted articles at http://www.elsevier.com/trackarticle. You can also check our Author FAQs at http://www.elsevier.com/authorFAQ and/or contact Customer Support via http://support.elsevier.com.
Funding body agreements and policies
Elsevier has established agreements and developed policies to allow authors whose articles appear in journals published by Elsevier, to comply with potential manuscript archiving requirements as specified as conditions of their grant awards. To learn more about existing agreements and policies please visit http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies.
© 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This journal and the individual contributions contained in it are protected under copyright by Elsevier Inc., and the following terms and conditions apply to their use:
Photocopying Single photocopies of single articles may be made for personal use as allowed by national copyright laws. Permission of the Publisher and payment of a fee is required for all other photocopying, including multiple or systematic copying, copying for advertising or promotional purposes, resale, and all forms of document delivery. Special rates are available for educational institutions that wish to make photocopies for non-profit educational classroom use. For information on how to seek permission visit www.elsevier.com/permissions or call: (+44) 1865 843830 (UK) / (+1) 215 239 3804 (USA).
Derivative Works Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution. Permission of the Publisher is required for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations (please consult www.elsevier.com/permissions).
Electronic Storage or Usage Permission of the Publisher is required to store or use electronically any material contained in this journal, including any article or part of an article (please consult www.elsevier.com/permissions). Except as outlined above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of the Publisher.
Notice No responsibility is assumed by the Publisher for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions or ideas contained in the material herein. Because of rapid advances in the medical sciences, in particular, independent verification of diagnoses and drug dosages should be made.
Although all advertising material is expected to conform to ethical (medical) standards, inclusion in this publication does not constitute a guarantee or endorsement of the quality or value of such product or of the claims made of it by its manufacturer.
∞ The paper used in this publication meets the requirements of ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (Permanence of Paper)