Regular Article| Volume 67, ISSUE 2, P186-192, February 01, 1997

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Time-Dependent Changes of Serum Gastrin and Gastrin Receptors in the Rat Oxyntic Mucosa after Proximal Gastric Vagotomy

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      Proximal gastric vagotomy (PGV) is a first-choice approach for the surgical treatment of duodenal peptic ulcer. However, a high percentage of recidivism takes place after this surgical strategy. To study the possible involvement of gastrin in ulcer recidivism, serum gastrin levels and gastrin receptors in gastric mucosa were determined at several times after PGV in rats. Gastrin concentration was determined using a commercial radioimmunoassay kit and gastrin receptors were analyzed in oxyntic mucosa membrane preparations using125I-labeled 15-Leu–gastrin-17 as label. Our results show a significant, time-dependent increase in serum gastrin concentration, reaching highest values at 12 weeks after PGV. Similarly, a significant increase in the number of gastrin receptors (Bmax) and in the dissociation constant (Kd) occurred from 1 to 12 weeks post-PGV. Since gastrin exerts a positive feedback effect on its receptors, the PGV-dependent increase in serum gastrin concentration explains the up-regulation of the gastrin receptors in the rat oxyntic mucosa. Furthermore, an increase in the number of gastrin receptors after vagotomy may be at least partially responsible for the recidivism in duodenal peptic ulcers after this surgical approach.
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