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The following experiments were conducted to determine whether, and the mechanisms through which, endogenous peptides alter coronary artery blood flow. Ultrasonic transit time probes were placed around the ascending aorta and left anterior descending coronary artery in groups of anesthetized, open-chest dogs. A Millar pressure catheter monitored left ventricular developed pressure. Intracoronary artery bolus injections of adenosine (a purinergic receptor activator), pinacidil (a KATPchannel activator), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP; which causes vascular smooth muscle relaxation by intracellular increases in cyclic-AMP), and adrenomedullin (mechanism unknown) each significantly (P< 0.05, Student'sttest) increased coronary blood flow in a dose-dependent fashion, without altering systemic hemodynamic measurements. Intracoronary artery injection of U37883A (a KATPchannel antagonist) significantly (P< 0.05) blocked the coronary vasodilator responses to adenosine, adrenomedullin, and pinacidil. Intracoronary xanthine amine congener (an adenosine receptor antagonist) blocked only the responses to adenosine and adrenomedullin, not pinacidil. Intracoronary CGRP8-37(CGRP receptor antagonist) blocked only the vasodilator response to CGRP. These data suggest that the coronary vasodilator effect of adrenomedullin is initiated first by activation of adenosine receptors, and subsequently through KATPchannels—not by activation of CGRP receptors. That there were no changes in left ventricular developed pressure or in systemic hemodynamics after intracoronary artery infusions of adrenomedullin indicates that this endogenous peptide may have clinical utility in facilitating myocardial protection or preconditioning.
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☆T. Devlin, Ed.
© 1997 Academic Press. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.