- Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is currently the elective treatment for advanced liver cirrhosis and acute liver failure. Ischemia/reperfusion damage may jeopardize graft function during the postoperative period. Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) has demonstrated cytoprotective properties in different experimental models of liver injury. There is no evidence to demonstrate its potential use in the prevention of the ischemia/reperfusion injury that occurs during OLT. The present study is the first report to show that the administration of CT-1 to donors would benefit the outcome of OLT.
- Neuroinflammation mediated by microglia has been implicated in delirium. Suppression of microglial activation may therefore contribute to alleviate delirium. It has been reported that dexmedetomidine (DEX) has a potent anti-inflammatory property. In the present study, we investigated the effects of DEX on the production of proinflammatory mediators in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated microglia.
- Diet is known to have an important impact on cardiovascular health. n-3 Fatty acids (FAs), found in high quantity in fish oil, have demonstrated beneficial effects in patients with coronary artery disease. The role of n-6 FAs remains more controversial. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of arachidonic acid (AA), an n-6 FA, and eicosapentanoic acid (EPA), an n-3 FA, on the interaction between monocytes and endothelial cells (ECs).
- The biologic mechanisms by which laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) might influence the inflammatory process leading to bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome are unknown. We hypothesized that LARS alters the pulmonary immune profile in lung transplant patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease.
- Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) are serious and debilitating health problems that lead to severe and permanent neurological deficits resulting from the primary mechanical impact followed by secondary tissue injury. During the acute stage after an SCI, the expression of autophagy and inflammatory responses contribute to the development of secondary injury. In the present study, we examined the multifaceted effects of rapamycin on outcomes of rats after an SCI.
- Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a serious clinical complication that may compromise liver function because of extensive hepatocyte loss. Therefore, the development of novel and effective therapies for hepatic I/R is critical for the improvement of patient outcome. It has been previously shown that administration of milk fat globule–EGF factor VIII (MFG-E8), a membrane-associated secretory glycoprotein, exerts significant beneficial effects under acute inflammatory conditions through multiple physiological processes associated with tissue remodeling.
- Tissue protection against ischemia (I)/reperfusion (R) injury by heparins can be due to their anticoagulant and/or non-anticoagulant properties. Here we studied the protective potential of the anticoagulant and the non-anticoagulant features of heparin sodium (HepSo) and enoxaparin (Enox) against mesenteric I/R injury in a rat model.