- Since the advent of ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP), there has been increased focus on swine models of lung transplantation; however, the anatomic differences between human and swine lungs and the technical challenges in performing porcine lung transplantation are not well described in the surgical literature.
- Sepsis models are frequently based on induction of peritonitis, with cecal ligation and puncture reflecting the prototypical model. However, there is an ongoing discussion about the limitations of these models due to their variability in progression and outcome. Since standardization is a cornerstone of experimental models, we aimed to develop a reliable and reproducible procedure for induction of peritonitis.
- Our goal was to create a clinically relevant large animal model of pulmonary hypertension to serve as a platform allowing preclinical risk/benefit assessment of innovative therapies including artificial lung prototypes.
- Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in 30% of patients undergoing complex cardiovascular surgery, and renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is often a contributing factor. A recent meta-analysis observed that perioperative natriuretic peptide administration was associated with a reduction in AKI requiring dialysis in cardiovascular surgery patients. This study was designed to further clarify the potential reno-protective effect of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) using an established rat model of renal I/R injury.
- Current management of severe surgical or traumatic bleeding is often achieved by manual tamponade or occlusion using devices such as tourniquets or ligatures. There are some clinical scenarios where these options are either marginally effective or impractical. The present study evaluates a new combination device (Fibrin pad) consisting of biologically active components (human thrombin and fibrinogen) delivered to the targeted site by an absorbable synthetic matrix (oxidized regenerated cellulose and polyglactin 910) in a swine severe bleeding model.
- The specific aim of this study was to determine the whether a novel, hydrogel-coated polyester mesh (Scout) can be used to reduce the incidence and severity of adhesion formation in vivo.