- Recent literature suggests that minimally-invasive hepatectomy (MIH) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with better perioperative results and similar oncologic outcomes compared to open hepatectomy (OH). However, previous reports have been limited by small sample size and single-institution design.
- The safe level of platelet count (PC) and necessity for platelet transfusion during laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) remain uncertain in patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).
- Laparoscopic splenectomy used for massive splenomegaly is still controversial. The purpose of our current study was to identify the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic splenectomy for massive splenomegaly.
- Any form of trauma, including surgery, is known to result in oxidative stress. Increased intra-abdominal pressure during pneumoperitoneum and inflation-deflation may cause ischemia reperfusion and, hence, oxidative stress may be greater during laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this study was to systemically review the literature to compare oxidative stress in laparoscopic and open procedures.
- The anatomical spatial distribution of microencapsulated islets transplanted into the peritoneal cavity of large animals remains a relatively unexplored area of study. In this study, we developed a new implantation approach using laparoscopy in order to avoid microcapsule amalgamation. This approach constitutes a clinically relevant method, which can be used to evaluate the distribution and in vivo biocompatibility of various types of transplanted microcapsules in the future.
- Widespread diffusion of minimally-invasive surgery for gastric cancer treatment is limited by the complexity of performing an extended D2-lymphadenectomy. This surgical step can be facilitated by using robot-assisted surgery. The aim of this study is to describe our technique and short-term results of a consecutive series of full robotic gastrectomies with D2-lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer, using the da Vinci Surgical System.
- Portal triad clamping (PTC) may be required during laparoscopic liver resection to limit blood loss. The aim of this study was to test in a swine model the hypothesis that during laparoscopic PTC, increased intraperitoneal pressure may alter hepatic vein reverse circulation, inducing a more severe hepatic ischemia compared with PTC performed in laparotomy.